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全文 ||2022年中央一号文件发布!

发(fa)布时间:2022/2/23 发布者:管理员 文章来(lai)源:本(ben)站(zhan)

中共中央 国务院
关于做好2022年全面推进
乡村(cun)振兴重点工作的意(yi)见

(2022年(nian)1月4日)

当前,全(quan)球新冠肺(fei)炎(yan)疫情仍(reng)在蔓延,世界经济(ji)(ji)复苏脆弱,气候变化(hua)挑(tiao)战突出,我国经济(ji)(ji)社会(hui)发(fa)展各项任(ren)务极(ji)为(wei)繁重艰巨。党(dang)中(zhong)央认为(wei),从容应(ying)对百年变局和世纪(ji)疫情,推动经济(ji)(ji)社会(hui)平稳健康发(fa)展,必须着眼(yan)国家重大战略需要,稳住农业基本盘、做好“三农”工作,接续全(quan)面推进乡村(cun)振兴(xing),确保农业稳产(chan)增产(chan)、农民稳步增收、农村(cun)稳定(ding)安宁。

做好2022年“三农(nong)(nong)”工(gong)作(zuo),要(yao)以习近平新(xin)(xin)时代中国特色社会(hui)(hui)主义思(si)想为指导(dao),全(quan)面贯(guan)彻党的(de)十九(jiu)大和(he)十九(jiu)届历(li)次全(quan)会(hui)(hui)精(jing)神(shen),深入贯(guan)彻中央经济工(gong)作(zuo)会(hui)(hui)议(yi)精(jing)神(shen),坚持(chi)稳(wen)中求进工(gong)作(zuo)总基(ji)(ji)调,立足新(xin)(xin)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)阶段、贯(guan)彻新(xin)(xin)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)理(li)念、构建(jian)(jian)新(xin)(xin)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)格局、推动高质量发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan),促进共同富裕,坚持(chi)和(he)加强党对“三农(nong)(nong)”工(gong)作(zuo)的(de)全(quan)面领导(dao),牢(lao)牢(lao)守住保障国家粮食(shi)安(an)全(quan)和(he)不发(fa)(fa)(fa)生规(gui)模(mo)性(xing)(xing)返(fan)贫两条底线(xian),突出年度性(xing)(xing)任务(wu)、针对性(xing)(xing)举措、实(shi)效(xiao)性(xing)(xing)导(dao)向,充分(fen)发(fa)(fa)(fa)挥农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)层党组(zu)织领导(dao)作(zuo)用,扎(zha)实(shi)有序做好乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)、乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)设、乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)治理(li)重(zhong)点工(gong)作(zuo),推动乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振兴取得新(xin)(xin)进展(zhan)、农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)现代化迈出新(xin)(xin)步伐。

一、全力抓(zhua)好粮食生产和重要(yao)农产品供给

(一)稳定(ding)(ding)全(quan)年(nian)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食播种(zhong)面(mian)(mian)(mian)积(ji)和产(chan)量(liang)(liang)。坚持中(zhong)国人的饭碗任何时候都要牢牢端在自己手(shou)中(zhong),饭碗主(zhu)(zhu)要装(zhuang)中(zhong)国粮(liang)(liang)(liang),全(quan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)落实(shi)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食安(an)全(quan)党政同责(ze),严格(ge)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食安(an)全(quan)责(ze)任制(zhi)考核,确(que)保(bao)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食播种(zhong)面(mian)(mian)(mian)积(ji)稳定(ding)(ding)、产(chan)量(liang)(liang)保(bao)持在1.3万亿斤以上。主(zhu)(zhu)产(chan)区(qu)、主(zhu)(zhu)销(xiao)区(qu)、产(chan)销(xiao)平(ping)(ping)衡区(qu)都要保(bao)面(mian)(mian)(mian)积(ji)、保(bao)产(chan)量(liang)(liang),不断提高(gao)主(zhu)(zhu)产(chan)区(qu)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食综合生产(chan)能(neng)力,切实(shi)稳定(ding)(ding)和提高(gao)主(zhu)(zhu)销(xiao)区(qu)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食自给(ji)率(lv),确(que)保(bao)产(chan)销(xiao)平(ping)(ping)衡区(qu)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食基本(ben)自给(ji)。推进国家(jia)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食安(an)全(quan)产(chan)业(ye)带建设。大力开展绿色高(gao)质(zhi)(zhi)高(gao)效行(xing)动,深(shen)入实(shi)施优质(zhi)(zhi)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食工程,提升粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食单产(chan)和品质(zhi)(zhi)。推进黄(huang)河流域农(nong)业(ye)深(shen)度节(jie)水控水,通过提升用(yong)水效率(lv)、发(fa)展旱作(zuo)农(nong)业(ye),稳定(ding)(ding)粮(liang)(liang)(liang)食播种(zhong)面(mian)(mian)(mian)积(ji)。积(ji)极应对小麦(mai)晚(wan)播等不利影(ying)响,加强冬春田(tian)间管(guan)理,促(cu)进弱苗转(zhuan)壮。

(二)大(da)力实施大(da)豆(dou)和油(you)料产能提升工(gong)程。加(jia)大(da)耕地(di)轮作(zuo)补贴和产油(you)大(da)县(xian)奖励力度,集中支持适(shi)宜(yi)区域、重点品种(zhong)、经营服务主(zhu)体,在(zai)黄淮海、西北(bei)、西南地(di)区推广(guang)玉(yu)米(mi)大(da)豆(dou)带状复合种(zhong)植(zhi)(zhi),在(zai)东北(bei)地(di)区开展粮豆(dou)轮作(zuo),在(zai)黑龙江省部分(fen)地(di)下水超(chao)采(cai)区、寒地(di)井灌(guan)稻区推进水改(gai)(gai)旱、稻改(gai)(gai)豆(dou)试点,在(zai)长江流域开发冬(dong)闲田扩种(zhong)油(you)菜。开展盐碱地(di)种(zhong)植(zhi)(zhi)大(da)豆(dou)示范(fan)。支持扩大(da)油(you)茶(cha)种(zhong)植(zhi)(zhi)面积,改(gai)(gai)造提升低产林。

(三(san))保(bao)(bao)(bao)障“菜(cai)篮(lan)子(zi)”产(chan)(chan)品(pin)供(gong)(gong)给。加大(da)力度落实“菜(cai)篮(lan)子(zi)”市(shi)(shi)长负责制。稳(wen)(wen)定生猪生产(chan)(chan)长效性(xing)支持政策,稳(wen)(wen)定基(ji)础产(chan)(chan)能,防(fang)止生产(chan)(chan)大(da)起大(da)落。加快(kuai)扩(kuo)大(da)牛羊肉和(he)奶业(ye)生产(chan)(chan),推进草原畜牧业(ye)转型(xing)升(sheng)(sheng)级试点(dian)示范(fan)。稳(wen)(wen)定水(shui)产(chan)(chan)养殖面积(ji),提升(sheng)(sheng)渔业(ye)发展质(zhi)量。稳(wen)(wen)定大(da)中城市(shi)(shi)常年(nian)菜(cai)地保(bao)(bao)(bao)有量,大(da)力推进北(bei)方设施蔬菜(cai)、南菜(cai)北(bei)运基(ji)地建(jian)设,提高蔬菜(cai)应急保(bao)(bao)(bao)供(gong)(gong)能力。完(wan)(wan)善棉花目标价格政策。探(tan)索开展糖料蔗完(wan)(wan)全成本保(bao)(bao)(bao)险和(he)种植收(shou)入(ru)保(bao)(bao)(bao)险。开展天然橡(xiang)胶老(lao)旧胶园更新改造试点(dian)。

(四)合理保障农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民种(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)收(shou)(shou)益(yi)。按照让(rang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民种(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)有(you)利(li)可(ke)图、让(rang)主产(chan)(chan)(chan)区抓粮(liang)有(you)积(ji)极性的目标(biao)要求,健全农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民种(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)收(shou)(shou)益(yi)保障机制。2022年适(shi)当提高(gao)稻谷、小麦最低收(shou)(shou)购价,稳定(ding)玉(yu)米、大(da)豆生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)者补贴和(he)稻谷补贴政策,实现(xian)三(san)大(da)粮(liang)食作(zuo)物(wu)完全成本(ben)保险和(he)种(zhong)(zhong)植收(shou)(shou)入(ru)保险主产(chan)(chan)(chan)省产(chan)(chan)(chan)粮(liang)大(da)县全覆盖(gai)。加大(da)产(chan)(chan)(chan)粮(liang)大(da)县奖励力度(du),创(chuang)新粮(liang)食产(chan)(chan)(chan)销(xiao)区合作(zuo)机制。支(zhi)持家庭(ting)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)场、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合作(zuo)社(she)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)化(hua)龙头企业(ye)(ye)多种(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)、种(zhong)(zhong)好(hao)粮(liang)。聚焦(jiao)关键薄(bo)弱环节和(he)小农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)户,加快发展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社(she)会(hui)化(hua)服(fu)务,支(zhi)持农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)服(fu)务公司(si)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合作(zuo)社(she)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)集(ji)体(ti)经济组织、基层供销(xiao)合作(zuo)社(she)等各类(lei)主体(ti)大(da)力发展(zhan)单环节、多环节、全程生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)托管服(fu)务,开展(zhan)订单农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)、加工(gong)物(wu)流、产(chan)(chan)(chan)品营销(xiao)等,提高(gao)种(zhong)(zhong)粮(liang)综(zong)合效益(yi)。

(五)统(tong)筹做好(hao)(hao)重要农(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)调(diao)控。健全农(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)全产(chan)(chan)业链(lian)监(jian)测预警体系,推(tui)(tui)动建(jian)立统(tong)一(yi)的农(nong)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)供需信息发布制(zhi)(zhi)度,分类分品(pin)(pin)(pin)种加(jia)强(qiang)调(diao)控和应急保(bao)障。深(shen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)购销(xiao)领域监(jian)管体制(zhi)(zhi)机(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)改革,开展专项(xiang)整治,依法(fa)从严惩治系统(tong)性(xing)腐败。加(jia)强(qiang)智能粮(liang)库建(jian)设,促进人(ren)防技(ji)防相结合,强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)库存动态(tai)监(jian)管。严格(ge)控制(zhi)(zhi)以玉米为原(yuan)料(liao)的燃料(liao)乙醇(chun)加(jia)工。做好(hao)(hao)化(hua)(hua)(hua)肥等农(nong)资(zi)生产(chan)(chan)储(chu)备调(diao)运,促进保(bao)供稳(wen)价(jia)。坚持节约(yue)优先,落实粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)节约(yue)行(xing)动方(fang)案,深(shen)入推(tui)(tui)进产(chan)(chan)运储(chu)加(jia)消全链(lian)条节粮(liang)减损,强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安全教育,反(fan)对食(shi)(shi)(shi)物浪费。

二、强化现代农业基(ji)础支撑

(六)落(luo)(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)“长(zhang)牙(ya)齿”的(de)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)护硬(ying)措施。实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)行耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)护党政同责,严(yan)守(shou)18亿亩耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)红(hong)线(xian)(xian)。按照(zhao)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)和(he)永久(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)基本(ben)(ben)农(nong)田(tian)、生态保(bao)(bao)护红(hong)线(xian)(xian)、城镇开(kai)发(fa)(fa)边界的(de)顺序(xu),统筹划定(ding)落(luo)(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)三条控(kong)(kong)制(zhi)线(xian)(xian),把耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)有(you)量和(he)永久(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)基本(ben)(ben)农(nong)田(tian)保(bao)(bao)护目(mu)标(biao)任务(wu)足额带位置逐级(ji)分(fen)解下达,由(you)中央和(he)地(di)(di)(di)方签订(ding)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)护目(mu)标(biao)责任书,作为刚性指标(biao)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)行严(yan)格(ge)考核、一票否决、终(zhong)身追(zhui)责。分(fen)类明确耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)用(yong)(yong)途,严(yan)格(ge)落(luo)(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)(yong)优(you)先序(xu),耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)主要用(yong)(yong)于粮食(shi)和(he)棉、油、糖、蔬菜等农(nong)产(chan)品(pin)及(ji)饲(si)草饲(si)料生产(chan),永久(jiu)(jiu)(jiu)基本(ben)(ben)农(nong)田(tian)重点(dian)(dian)用(yong)(yong)于粮食(shi)生产(chan),高标(biao)准农(nong)田(tian)原则上全(quan)部用(yong)(yong)于粮食(shi)生产(chan)。引导新发(fa)(fa)展林果业上山上坡(po),鼓励利用(yong)(yong)“四荒”资(zi)源(yuan),不与粮争地(di)(di)(di)。落(luo)(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)完(wan)善耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)占(zhan)(zhan)补(bu)(bu)平衡政策,建立补(bu)(bu)充(chong)(chong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)立项、实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)施、验收、管(guan)(guan)(guan)护全(quan)程监管(guan)(guan)(guan)机(ji)制(zhi),确保(bao)(bao)补(bu)(bu)充(chong)(chong)可长(zhang)期稳定(ding)利用(yong)(yong)的(de)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di),实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)现补(bu)(bu)充(chong)(chong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)产(chan)能与所占(zhan)(zhan)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)相当。改进跨省(sheng)域补(bu)(bu)充(chong)(chong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)国家统筹管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li)办法。加大耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)执法监督力度(du),严(yan)厉查(cha)处违(wei)(wei)法违(wei)(wei)规占(zhan)(zhan)用(yong)(yong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)从事(shi)非农(nong)建设。强(qiang)化(hua)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)用(yong)(yong)途管(guan)(guan)(guan)制(zhi),严(yan)格(ge)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)(kong)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)转(zhuan)(zhuan)为其他农(nong)用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)。巩固(gu)提升受污染耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)安全(quan)利用(yong)(yong)水平。稳妥有(you)序(xu)开(kai)展农(nong)村乱占(zhan)(zhan)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)建房(fang)专项整治(zhi)试点(dian)(dian)。巩固(gu)“大棚房(fang)”问题专项清理(li)整治(zhi)成果。落(luo)(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工商资(zi)本(ben)(ben)流转(zhuan)(zhuan)农(nong)村土地(di)(di)(di)审(shen)查(cha)审(shen)核和(he)风险防范(fan)制(zhi)度(du)。

(七)全(quan)面(mian)完成高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)设(she)阶段性(xing)任务(wu)。多渠道(dao)增加(jia)(jia)(jia)投入,2022年建(jian)(jian)设(she)高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)田(tian)(tian)1亿(yi)亩(mu),累(lei)计建(jian)(jian)成高(gao)效节(jie)水灌(guan)溉面(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)4亿(yi)亩(mu)。统(tong)筹(chou)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)、同步实(shi)施高(gao)效节(jie)水灌(guan)溉与高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)设(she)。各地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)要加(jia)(jia)(jia)大中低产田(tian)(tian)改(gai)造(zao)力(li)度(du),提升耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)力(li)等(deng)级。研究(jiu)制(zhi)定增加(jia)(jia)(jia)农(nong)田(tian)(tian)灌(guan)溉面(mian)积(ji)(ji)(ji)的(de)规(gui)(gui)划(hua)。实(shi)施重点(dian)水源(yuan)和重大引调水等(deng)水资源(yuan)配置工程。加(jia)(jia)(jia)大大中型灌(guan)区续建(jian)(jian)配套与改(gai)造(zao)力(li)度(du),在水土(tu)(tu)资源(yuan)条(tiao)件适(shi)宜地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)区规(gui)(gui)划(hua)新(xin)建(jian)(jian)一批现代化灌(guan)区,优先将大中型灌(guan)区建(jian)(jian)成高(gao)标(biao)准农(nong)田(tian)(tian)。深入推进(jin)国(guo)家(jia)黑土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)护工程。实(shi)施黑土(tu)(tu)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)护性(xing)耕(geng)作8000万亩(mu)。积(ji)(ji)(ji)极挖掘潜力(li)增加(jia)(jia)(jia)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di),支(zhi)持将符(fu)合条(tiao)件的(de)盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)等(deng)后备资源(yuan)适(shi)度(du)有序开(kai)发为耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)。研究(jiu)制(zhi)定盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)综合利用规(gui)(gui)划(hua)和实(shi)施方案。分类(lei)改(gai)造(zao)盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di),推动由主要治理盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)适(shi)应(ying)作物(wu)向更多选育耐盐碱植物(wu)适(shi)应(ying)盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)转(zhuan)变。支(zhi)持盐碱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)、干旱半干旱地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)区国(guo)家(jia)农(nong)业高(gao)新(xin)技术(shu)产业示(shi)范区建(jian)(jian)设(she)。启动全(quan)国(guo)第三次(ci)土(tu)(tu)壤普查。

(八)大(da)(da)力推(tui)(tui)进(jin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)源等农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)关键核心技术攻关。全面实施(shi)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)振(zhen)兴行(xing)动方(fang)案(an)。加快(kuai)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)质资源普查收集,强化精准鉴定评价。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)领域国(guo)家(jia)重大(da)(da)创(chuang)新(xin)平台建设。启动农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生物育种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)重大(da)(da)项(xiang)目。加快(kuai)实施(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)关键核心技术攻关工程,实行(xing)“揭榜挂帅(shuai)”、“部(bu)省联动”等制(zhi)度(du),开(kai)展(zhan)长(zhang)周期研发(fa)项(xiang)目试点。强化现代农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)产业(ye)技术体系(xi)建设。开(kai)展(zhan)重大(da)(da)品种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)研发(fa)与推(tui)(tui)广后(hou)补助试点。贯彻落实种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)子法,实行(xing)实质性派生品种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)制(zhi)度(du),强化种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)知识产权保护,依(yi)法严厉(li)打击套(tao)牌侵权等违法犯罪行(xing)为。

(九(jiu))提升农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)装备(bei)研(yan)发(fa)应(ying)用水平(ping)。全面梳理短板弱项,加强农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)装备(bei)工程化协同攻关(guan),加快大马(ma)力机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械、丘陵(ling)山区和设施园(yuan)艺(yi)小型(xing)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械、高端智能机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械研(yan)发(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)造并纳入国家重点研(yan)发(fa)计划予以长期(qi)稳(wen)定支(zhi)持。实施农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)购置与应(ying)用补贴政策,优化补贴兑付方式(shi)。完(wan)善农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)性能评价(jia)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)(zhi),推进(jin)(jin)补贴机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)具有(you)(you)进(jin)(jin)有(you)(you)出(chu)、优机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)优补,重点支(zhi)持粮食烘干、履带(dai)式(shi)作业、玉米(mi)大豆带(dai)状复(fu)(fu)合(he)种植、油菜籽收获等农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji),推广大型(xing)复(fu)(fu)合(he)智能农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)。推动新生产(chan)农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)排(pai)放标准升级。开展农(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)研(yan)发(fa)制(zhi)(zhi)造推广应(ying)用一(yi)体化试点。

(十)加(jia)快(kuai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)设(she)施(shi)农业。因(yin)地(di)制宜发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)塑料大棚、日光温室(shi)、连栋温室(shi)等(deng)设(she)施(shi)。集中建设(she)育苗工厂化(hua)设(she)施(shi)。鼓励发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)工厂化(hua)集约养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)、立体(ti)(ti)生(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)等(deng)新(xin)型养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)设(she)施(shi)。推动水肥一体(ti)(ti)化(hua)、饲喂自(zi)动化(hua)、环(huan)境控制智能化(hua)等(deng)设(she)施(shi)装(zhuang)备技术研发(fa)(fa)(fa)应用。在保护(hu)生(sheng)(sheng)态(tai)环(huan)境基础上(shang),探(tan)索(suo)利用可开发(fa)(fa)(fa)的空闲地(di)、废弃地(di)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)设(she)施(shi)农业。

(十一(yi))有(you)(you)效(xiao)防(fang)(fang)范应(ying)对(dui)(dui)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)重大(da)灾害。加大(da)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)防(fang)(fang)灾减灾救灾能力(li)建(jian)设和投入(ru)力(li)度。修复水毁灾损(sun)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)、水利基础设施,加强(qiang)(qiang)沟渠疏浚以及水库(ku)、泵(beng)站建(jian)设和管护(hu)。加强(qiang)(qiang)防(fang)(fang)汛(xun)抗旱应(ying)急物(wu)资储备。强(qiang)(qiang)化农(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)村、水利、气(qi)象灾害监测(ce)预警体(ti)系(xi)建(jian)设,增(zeng)强(qiang)(qiang)极端天气(qi)应(ying)对(dui)(dui)能力(li)。加强(qiang)(qiang)基层动植物(wu)疫病(bing)防(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)体(ti)系(xi)建(jian)设,落实属地(di)责任,配(pei)齐(qi)配(pei)强(qiang)(qiang)专业(ye)人(ren)员,实行定责定岗(gang)定人(ren),确保非洲猪瘟、草地(di)贪(tan)夜蛾(e)等动植物(wu)重大(da)疫病(bing)防(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)责有(you)(you)人(ren)负(fu)、活(huo)有(you)(you)人(ren)干(gan)、事有(you)(you)人(ren)管。做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)人(ren)兽共患病(bing)源头防(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)。加强(qiang)(qiang)外(wai)来入(ru)侵物(wu)种防(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)管理(li),做(zuo)(zuo)好(hao)普查监测(ce)、入(ru)境检疫、国内(nei)防(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong),对(dui)(dui)已传入(ru)并(bing)造成(cheng)严重危害的,要(yao)“一(yi)种一(yi)策”精(jing)准(zhun)治理(li)、有(you)(you)效(xiao)灭除。加强(qiang)(qiang)中长期气(qi)候变化对(dui)(dui)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)影响(xiang)研究。

三、坚(jian)决守住(zhu)不发(fa)生规模性返(fan)贫(pin)底线

(十二)完善(shan)监(jian)(jian)测帮(bang)扶机(ji)制。精(jing)准确(que)定(ding)监(jian)(jian)测对(dui)象(xiang),将(jiang)有返贫致(zhi)贫风险和突(tu)发严重困难的农(nong)户纳入(ru)监(jian)(jian)测范围,简化(hua)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)流程,缩短认(ren)定(ding)时(shi)间。针对(dui)发现的因灾(zai)因病因疫(yi)等(deng)苗头(tou)性问(wen)题(ti),及时(shi)落实(shi)社会救助、医(yi)疗保障(zhang)等(deng)帮(bang)扶措施(shi)。强(qiang)化(hua)监(jian)(jian)测帮(bang)扶责任落实(shi),确(que)保工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)不留(liu)空档(dang)、政策(ce)不留(liu)空白(bai)。继续开展(zhan)巩固脱贫成果后(hou)评估工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。

(十三(san))促进(jin)脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)人口(kou)持续增收。推(tui)动(dong)脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)地区更(geng)多依靠发(fa)展(zhan)来巩固(gu)拓展(zhan)脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)攻坚成果,让脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)群众生活(huo)更(geng)上一层(ceng)楼。巩固(gu)提升(sheng)脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)地区特(te)色产(chan)(chan)业(ye),完善联农带农机制,提高(gao)脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)人口(kou)家庭经营性收入。逐步提高(gao)中央财政(zheng)衔接推(tui)进(jin)乡村振兴(xing)补助资金用于产(chan)(chan)业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)的比(bi)重(zhong),重(zhong)点支(zhi)持帮扶(fu)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)补上技(ji)术、设施、营销(xiao)等短(duan)板,强(qiang)化龙头(tou)带动(dong)作用,促进(jin)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)提档(dang)升(sheng)级。巩固(gu)光伏扶(fu)贫(pin)工(gong)程(cheng)成效(xiao),在有(you)条件的脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)地区发(fa)展(zhan)光伏产(chan)(chan)业(ye)。压实(shi)就(jiu)业(ye)帮扶(fu)责任,确(que)保脱(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)劳(lao)动(dong)力就(jiu)业(ye)规模稳定(ding)。深化东西部劳(lao)务协(xie)作,做好省内转移就(jiu)业(ye)工(gong)作。延续支(zhi)持帮扶(fu)车(che)间(jian)发(fa)展(zhan)优惠(hui)政(zheng)策(ce)。发(fa)挥以(yi)工(gong)代赈作用,具备条件的可提高(gao)劳(lao)务报酬发(fa)放比(bi)例。统筹用好乡村公(gong)益岗位(wei),实(shi)行动(dong)态管理。逐步调整优化生态护林员(yuan)政(zheng)策(ce)。

(十四)加大对(dui)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)和(he)易地(di)搬(ban)(ban)迁(qian)集中安置区支持力(li)度。在乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)实施一批补短(duan)板促(cu)发展(zhan)(zhan)项目。编制国(guo)家(jia)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)巩固拓展(zhan)(zhan)脱(tuo)贫(pin)攻坚成果(guo)同乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)有(you)效衔(xian)接实施方案。做好国(guo)家(jia)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)科技(ji)特派(pai)团选派(pai),实行(xing)产业技(ji)术顾问制度,有(you)计(ji)划开展(zhan)(zhan)教育(yu)、医疗(liao)干(gan)部人才组团式帮扶(fu)。建(jian)立健全国(guo)家(jia)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)发展(zhan)(zhan)监测评(ping)价(jia)机制。加大对(dui)国(guo)家(jia)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮扶(fu)县(xian)(xian)信贷资金投入和(he)保(bao)险(xian)保(bao)障力(li)度。完善易地(di)搬(ban)(ban)迁(qian)集中安置区配套(tao)设(she)施和(he)公共服务,持续加大安置区产业培育(yu)力(li)度,开展(zhan)(zhan)搬(ban)(ban)迁(qian)群众(zhong)就业帮扶(fu)专项行(xing)动。落实搬(ban)(ban)迁(qian)群众(zhong)户籍管(guan)理(li)、合法权益保(bao)障、社(she)会融(rong)入等(deng)工作(zuo)举(ju)措,提升安置社(she)区治理(li)水平(ping)。

(十五)推动脱贫(pin)地(di)区(qu)(qu)帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)政策落(luo)(luo)地(di)见效。保持主要帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)政策总(zong)体(ti)稳定,细化(hua)落(luo)(luo)实过渡期各(ge)项帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)政策,开(kai)展(zhan)政策效果评估。拓展(zhan)东西部协作(zuo)工作(zuo)领域(yu),深化(hua)区(qu)(qu)县、村企、学(xue)校、医院等结对(dui)帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)。在东西部协作(zuo)和(he)对(dui)口(kou)支援(yuan)框架(jia)下,继续开(kai)展(zhan)城乡建设用地(di)增减挂钩(gou)节余(yu)指标跨省域(yu)调剂(ji)。持续做好中央单位定点帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)工作(zuo)。扎(zha)实做好脱贫(pin)人口(kou)小(xiao)额信(xin)贷(dai)工作(zuo)。创建消费帮(bang)(bang)扶(fu)示范城市和(he)产地(di)示范区(qu)(qu),发挥脱贫(pin)地(di)区(qu)(qu)农副产品(pin)网(wang)络销售平台作(zuo)用。

四、聚焦产业促进乡村发展

(十六(liu))持(chi)(chi)续推(tui)进农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)一(yi)(yi)二三产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)融合(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。鼓励(li)各地(di)拓(tuo)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)多(duo)种功能、挖(wa)掘乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)多(duo)元价值,重点发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)加(jia)工、乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅(lv)游、农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)电商等(deng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)大县(xian)聚(ju)焦农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)加(jia)工业(ye)(ye),引导企业(ye)(ye)到产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)地(di)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)粮(liang)油加(jia)工、食品(pin)制(zhi)造。推(tui)进现(xian)代(dai)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)园和农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)强镇(zhen)建(jian)设,培育优势特色产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)集群,继续支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)创建(jian)一(yi)(yi)批国家(jia)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)融合(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)示范园。实(shi)施(shi)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅(lv)游提升计划。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民直(zhi)接经营(ying)或参与经营(ying)的乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民宿、农(nong)(nong)(nong)家(jia)乐(le)特色村(cun)(cun)(cun)(点)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。将符合(he)(he)要(yao)求的乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅(lv)游项目纳入(ru)科普基地(di)和中(zhong)小学(xue)学(xue)农(nong)(nong)(nong)劳动(dong)实(shi)践(jian)基地(di)范围。实(shi)施(shi)“数(shu)商兴农(nong)(nong)(nong)”工程,推(tui)进电子商务进乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)。促进农(nong)(nong)(nong)副产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)直(zhi)播带货规范健康(kang)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。开展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)品(pin)种培优、品(pin)质提升、品(pin)牌打造和标(biao)准化生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)提升行动(dong),推(tui)进食用农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)承诺达标(biao)合(he)(he)格证制(zhi)度,完善全产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)链(lian)质量安全追(zhui)溯体系(xi)。加(jia)快落(luo)实(shi)保障(zhang)和规范农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)一(yi)(yi)二三产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)融合(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)用地(di)政策。

(十(shi)七)大(da)力(li)(li)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)县域(yu)(yu)(yu)富民产(chan)业(ye)。支持大(da)中城市疏解产(chan)业(ye)向(xiang)县域(yu)(yu)(yu)延伸,引(yin)导产(chan)业(ye)有序梯(ti)度转移。大(da)力(li)(li)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)县域(yu)(yu)(yu)范围(wei)内比(bi)较优势明显、带动(dong)农(nong)业(ye)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)能力(li)(li)强(qiang)、就(jiu)业(ye)容量(liang)大(da)的(de)产(chan)业(ye),推(tui)动(dong)形成“一县一业(ye)”发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)格局。加强(qiang)县域(yu)(yu)(yu)基(ji)层创新,强(qiang)化产(chan)业(ye)链(lian)(lian)与创新链(lian)(lian)融合。加快完善县城产(chan)业(ye)服务功能,促进产(chan)业(ye)向(xiang)园区集(ji)中、龙(long)头企业(ye)做强(qiang)做大(da)。引(yin)导具备条件的(de)中心(xin)镇(zhen)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)专业(ye)化中小微企业(ye)集(ji)聚区,推(tui)动(dong)重点村(cun)(cun)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)乡村(cun)(cun)作坊、家庭工(gong)场(chang)。

(十八)加强县(xian)(xian)域(yu)商业体系(xi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)。实施县(xian)(xian)域(yu)商业建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)行动(dong),促(cu)进(jin)(jin)农村(cun)(cun)消(xiao)费扩容提质升级。加快农村(cun)(cun)物(wu)流(liu)(liu)快递(di)(di)网(wang)(wang)点(dian)布局(ju),实施“快递(di)(di)进(jin)(jin)村(cun)(cun)”工(gong)程,鼓(gu)励发展(zhan)“多(duo)站(zhan)合一”的(de)(de)乡镇客货邮(you)综(zong)合服务(wu)(wu)站(zhan)、“一点(dian)多(duo)能”的(de)(de)村(cun)(cun)级寄递(di)(di)物(wu)流(liu)(liu)综(zong)合服务(wu)(wu)点(dian),推(tui)进(jin)(jin)县(xian)(xian)乡村(cun)(cun)物(wu)流(liu)(liu)共同(tong)配送,促(cu)进(jin)(jin)农村(cun)(cun)客货邮(you)融(rong)合发展(zhan)。支持大型流(liu)(liu)通企业以(yi)县(xian)(xian)城和中心镇为重点(dian)下沉供(gong)应(ying)链(lian)(lian)。加快实施“互联(lian)网(wang)(wang)+”农产品出(chu)村(cun)(cun)进(jin)(jin)城工(gong)程,推(tui)动(dong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立长期稳(wen)定的(de)(de)产销(xiao)对接关系(xi)。推(tui)动(dong)冷链(lian)(lian)物(wu)流(liu)(liu)服务(wu)(wu)网(wang)(wang)络(luo)向农村(cun)(cun)延伸,整(zheng)县(xian)(xian)推(tui)进(jin)(jin)农产品产地仓储保鲜冷链(lian)(lian)物(wu)流(liu)(liu)设(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),促(cu)进(jin)(jin)合作(zuo)联(lian)营、成(cheng)网(wang)(wang)配套。支持供(gong)销(xiao)合作(zuo)社开展(zhan)县(xian)(xian)域(yu)流(liu)(liu)通服务(wu)(wu)网(wang)(wang)络(luo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)提升行动(dong),建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)县(xian)(xian)域(yu)集采集配中心。

(十(shi)九)促进农(nong)民(min)就地就近就业(ye)(ye)创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)。落实(shi)各类(lei)农(nong)民(min)工(gong)稳(wen)岗就业(ye)(ye)政策。发(fa)挥(hui)大(da)中城市(shi)就业(ye)(ye)带动作用(yong)。实(shi)施县域(yu)农(nong)民(min)工(gong)市(shi)民(min)化(hua)质量提(ti)升行动。鼓(gu)励发(fa)展(zhan)共享用(yong)工(gong)、多渠道灵活就业(ye)(ye),规范(fan)发(fa)展(zhan)新就业(ye)(ye)形态(tai),培(pei)育发(fa)展(zhan)家政服务、物流配送、养老托育等生(sheng)活性(xing)服务业(ye)(ye)。推进返乡入(ru)乡创(chuang)业(ye)(ye)园建设,落实(shi)各项扶持政策。大(da)力开展(zhan)适合农(nong)民(min)工(gong)就业(ye)(ye)的技(ji)能培(pei)训和新职(zhi)业(ye)(ye)新业(ye)(ye)态(tai)培(pei)训。合理(li)引导灵活就业(ye)(ye)农(nong)民(min)工(gong)按规定参加职(zhi)工(gong)基(ji)本医疗保(bao)险(xian)和城镇(zhen)职(zhi)工(gong)基(ji)本养老保(bao)险(xian)。

(二(er)十)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)绿(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)面源污(wu)染综(zong)合治理,深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)投入(ru)品减量化(hua),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)畜禽(qin)粪污(wu)资源化(hua)利(li)(li)用(yong),推(tui)(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)膜科(ke)学使(shi)用(yong)回(hui)收,支持秸秆综(zong)合利(li)(li)用(yong)。建(jian)(jian)设国家农(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)先行区。开(kai)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)情况评价。开(kai)展(zhan)水(shui)系连通及水(shui)美乡村(cun)建(jian)(jian)设。实施(shi)(shi)生态保(bao)(bao)(bao)护修复重(zhong)大工程(cheng),复苏河湖生态环境(jing),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)天然林保(bao)(bao)(bao)护修复、草原休养(yang)生息(xi)。科(ke)学推(tui)(tui)进(jin)国土绿(lv)(lv)化(hua)。支持牧区发展(zhan)和(he)牧民(min)(min)增收,落实第(di)三轮草原生态保(bao)(bao)(bao)护补助奖励(li)政策。研(yan)发应用(yong)减碳增汇型(xing)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)技术,探(tan)索建(jian)(jian)立碳汇产(chan)品价值实现机(ji)制。实施(shi)(shi)生物多样性保(bao)(bao)(bao)护重(zhong)大工程(cheng)。巩固长江禁渔(yu)成果,强(qiang)化(hua)退捕渔(yu)民(min)(min)安置保(bao)(bao)(bao)障(zhang),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)常(chang)态化(hua)执法监管。强(qiang)化(hua)水(shui)生生物养(yang)护,规范增殖放流(liu)。构建(jian)(jian)以国家公园为主体(ti)(ti)的自(zi)然保(bao)(bao)(bao)护地体(ti)(ti)系。出(chu)台推(tui)(tui)进(jin)乡村(cun)生态振兴的指导(dao)意见(jian)。

五、扎(zha)实稳妥推进乡村建设

(二十一)健(jian)全乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设实施机(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。落(luo)实乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)为(wei)农(nong)民(min)(min)(min)而兴(xing)、乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设为(wei)农(nong)民(min)(min)(min)而建的(de)要求,坚持自(zi)下(xia)而上、村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)自(zi)治、农(nong)民(min)(min)(min)参与(yu),启(qi)动(dong)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设行(xing)动(dong)实施方案,因地制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)宜、有力有序推进。坚持数量服(fu)从质(zhi)量、进度(du)服(fu)从实效(xiao),求好不(bu)(bu)求快,把握乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设的(de)时度(du)效(xiao)。立足村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)现有基础开展乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设,不(bu)(bu)盲目拆旧村(cun)(cun)(cun)、建新(xin)村(cun)(cun)(cun),不(bu)(bu)超越发展阶段搞大融(rong)资、大开发、大建设,避免无(wu)效(xiao)投入造(zao)成(cheng)浪费(fei),防(fang)范(fan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)级债务风险。统筹城镇(zhen)和村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)布局,科学确定村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)分(fen)类,加快推进有条(tiao)件(jian)有需求的(de)村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)编制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)规(gui)(gui)划,严格规(gui)(gui)范(fan)村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)撤并。开展传(chuan)统村(cun)(cun)(cun)落(luo)集(ji)中(zhong)连片保(bao)护利(li)用示范(fan),健(jian)全传(chuan)统村(cun)(cun)(cun)落(luo)监测评(ping)估、警示退出、撤并事前审(shen)查等机(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。保(bao)护特(te)色民(min)(min)(min)族村(cun)(cun)(cun)寨。实施“拯(zheng)救老屋(wu)行(xing)动(dong)”。推动(dong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)小型建设项目简易审(shen)批,规(gui)(gui)范(fan)项目管理,提高资金绩效(xiao)。总结推广村(cun)(cun)(cun)民(min)(min)(min)自(zi)治组(zu)织、农(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)体经(jing)济组(zu)织、农(nong)民(min)(min)(min)群(qun)众参与(yu)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设项目的(de)有效(xiao)做法。明晰乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建设项目产权,以县域为(wei)单位组(zu)织编制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)公共基础设施管护责任清单。

(二十(shi)二)接续实(shi)施农(nong)村(cun)人(ren)居环境整(zheng)治(zhi)提(ti)升五(wu)年行(xing)(xing)动(dong)。从农(nong)民实(shi)际需求出发推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)村(cun)改厕,具(ju)备条件(jian)的地(di)方(fang)可(ke)推(tui)广水冲卫(wei)生厕所(suo),统筹做好供(gong)水保障和(he)污(wu)水处理(li)(li);不(bu)具(ju)备条件(jian)的可(ke)建设(she)卫(wei)生旱厕。巩固户(hu)厕问题摸(mo)排整(zheng)改成果。分区分类推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)村(cun)生活污(wu)水治(zhi)理(li)(li),优先治(zhi)理(li)(li)人(ren)口集中村(cun)庄(zhuang),不(bu)适宜集中处理(li)(li)的推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)小型化(hua)生态化(hua)治(zhi)理(li)(li)和(he)污(wu)水资源(yuan)化(hua)利(li)用(yong)。加快推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)农(nong)村(cun)黑臭水体治(zhi)理(li)(li)。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)生活垃圾源(yuan)头(tou)分类减量,加强村(cun)庄(zhuang)有机废弃物综合(he)处置利(li)用(yong)设(she)施建设(she),推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)就地(di)利(li)用(yong)处理(li)(li)。深入实(shi)施村(cun)庄(zhuang)清洁(jie)行(xing)(xing)动(dong)和(he)绿(lv)化(hua)美化(hua)行(xing)(xing)动(dong)。

(二十(shi)三)扎(zha)实开(kai)展重(zhong)点领域农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)础设施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)设。有序推进(jin)乡镇(zhen)通三级(ji)及(ji)以上等级(ji)公(gong)路、较大人口规模自然村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(组(zu))通硬化路,实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)路安(an)全(quan)生命防护工(gong)程(cheng)和(he)危桥改(gai)造(zao)(zao)。扎(zha)实开(kai)展农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)路管理养护体制改(gai)革试(shi)点。稳步(bu)推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)路路况自动化检测(ce)。推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)供水(shui)工(gong)程(cheng)建(jian)(jian)设改(gai)造(zao)(zao),配(pei)套完善(shan)净化消(xiao)毒(du)设施(shi)(shi)设备(bei)。深入实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)电网巩固提升(sheng)工(gong)程(cheng)。推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)光伏、生物质能(neng)等清洁能(neng)源(yuan)建(jian)(jian)设。实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)房质量安(an)全(quan)提升(sheng)工(gong)程(cheng),继续实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)危房改(gai)造(zao)(zao)和(he)抗震改(gai)造(zao)(zao),完善(shan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)房屋建(jian)(jian)设标(biao)准规范。加强对用(yong)作经营的农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)自建(jian)(jian)房安(an)全(quan)隐患整(zheng)治。

(二(er)十四)大(da)力推(tui)(tui)进数字乡村(cun)(cun)建设。推(tui)(tui)进智慧农(nong)(nong)业(ye)发展,促(cu)进信息技(ji)术与农(nong)(nong)机(ji)农(nong)(nong)艺融合应(ying)用。加强农(nong)(nong)民(min)数字素养与技(ji)能(neng)培训(xun)。以数字技(ji)术赋能(neng)乡村(cun)(cun)公共(gong)服(fu)务,推(tui)(tui)动“互联(lian)网+政务服(fu)务”向乡村(cun)(cun)延伸覆(fu)盖。着眼解决实际问(wen)题,拓展农(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)大(da)数据应(ying)用场景。加快推(tui)(tui)动数字乡村(cun)(cun)标准化建设,研(yan)究制(zhi)定(ding)发展评价指标体系,持(chi)续(xu)开展数字乡村(cun)(cun)试(shi)点。加强农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)信息基础设施建设。

(二十五)加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)(ben)公共服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)县(xian)域(yu)(yu)统筹。加(jia)快推(tui)进以县(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)为(wei)重要载(zai)体(ti)的(de)城(cheng)(cheng)镇化(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)普(pu)惠(hui)性(xing)(xing)、基(ji)(ji)础(chu)性(xing)(xing)、兜底(di)性(xing)(xing)民(min)生建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设,推(tui)动基(ji)(ji)本(ben)(ben)公共服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)供给由(you)注重机构行政区(qu)域(yu)(yu)覆盖(gai)向注重常住人口服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)覆盖(gai)转变。实(shi)施(shi)新一(yi)轮学(xue)前教(jiao)(jiao)育行动计划,多渠(qu)道加(jia)快农(nong)村普(pu)惠(hui)性(xing)(xing)学(xue)前教(jiao)(jiao)育资(zi)源(yuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设,办好特(te)殊(shu)教(jiao)(jiao)育。扎(zha)实(shi)推(tui)进城(cheng)(cheng)乡(xiang)学(xue)校(xiao)共同体(ti)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设。深入推(tui)进紧密型县(xian)域(yu)(yu)医疗卫(wei)生共同体(ti)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设,实(shi)施(shi)医保(bao)(bao)按总额付费(fei),加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)监(jian)督考核,实(shi)现结(jie)余留用、合(he)理超支分(fen)担(dan)。推(tui)动农(nong)村基(ji)(ji)层(ceng)定点医疗机构医保(bao)(bao)信息(xi)化(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设,强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)智能(neng)监(jian)控全(quan)覆盖(gai),加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)医疗保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)基(ji)(ji)金监(jian)管。落(luo)实(shi)对特(te)殊(shu)困难群体(ti)参加(jia)城(cheng)(cheng)乡(xiang)居民(min)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)(ben)医保(bao)(bao)的(de)分(fen)类资(zi)助(zhu)(zhu)政策。有(you)条件的(de)地方(fang)可(ke)提供村卫(wei)生室(shi)运行经费(fei)补助(zhu)(zhu),分(fen)类落(luo)实(shi)村医养老保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)、医保(bao)(bao)等社会(hui)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)待遇(yu)。提升(sheng)县(xian)级(ji)敬(jing)老院失能(neng)照(zhao)护(hu)能(neng)力和(he)(he)乡(xiang)镇敬(jing)老院集中供养水平,鼓励(li)在(zai)有(you)条件的(de)村庄开展日(ri)间(jian)照(zhao)料、老年(nian)(nian)食堂(tang)等服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)乡(xiang)镇便民(min)服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)和(he)(he)社会(hui)工(gong)作(zuo)服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu),实(shi)施(shi)村级(ji)综合(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)务(wu)(wu)设施(shi)提升(sheng)工(gong)程。健(jian)全(quan)分(fen)层(ceng)分(fen)类的(de)社会(hui)救助(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)系,切实(shi)保(bao)(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)困难农(nong)民(min)群众基(ji)(ji)本(ben)(ben)生活。健(jian)全(quan)基(ji)(ji)层(ceng)党员、干(gan)部关爱联系制度(du),经常探(tan)访空巢老人、留守儿(er)童、残疾人。完善未成年(nian)(nian)人关爱保(bao)(bao)护(hu)工(gong)作(zuo)网络。

六、突出实(shi)效改(gai)进乡村(cun)治理

(二十六)加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基层组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)建设。强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)县(xian)级党(dang)委(wei)抓乡促村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)职责,深(shen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)乡镇管理(li)体制(zhi)改革,健(jian)全乡镇党(dang)委(wei)统(tong)(tong)一指挥(hui)和(he)(he)统(tong)(tong)筹协(xie)调(diao)机制(zhi),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)乡镇、村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集中换届后领导(dao)班子(zi)(zi)建设,全面(mian)开展农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基层干部乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴主题(ti)培训(xun)。持续排查(cha)整顿软弱(ruo)涣散村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)党(dang)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。发(fa)挥(hui)驻村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)第一书记(ji)和(he)(he)工作(zuo)队抓党(dang)建促乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振兴作(zuo)用。完善村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级重(zhong)要事(shi)(shi)项(xiang)、重(zhong)大问题(ti)经村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)党(dang)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)研究讨论机制(zhi),全面(mian)落实“四(si)议(yi)两公开”制(zhi)度(du)。深(shen)入开展市县(xian)巡察(cha)(cha),强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)基层监督(du)(du),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)基层纪(ji)检(jian)监察(cha)(cha)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)与村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)务(wu)监督(du)(du)委(wei)员会的(de)沟通(tong)协(xie)作(zuo)、有(you)效衔接,强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)对村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)干部的(de)监督(du)(du)。健(jian)全党(dang)组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)领导(dao)的(de)自治(zhi)(zhi)、法治(zhi)(zhi)、德治(zhi)(zhi)相结合的(de)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)体系,推行(xing)网(wang)格化(hua)(hua)(hua)管理(li)、数字(zi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)赋能、精细化(hua)(hua)(hua)服务(wu)。推进(jin)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)委(wei)会规范化(hua)(hua)(hua)建设。深(shen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)体系建设试点示(shi)范。开展村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级议(yi)事(shi)(shi)协(xie)商创(chuang)新(xin)实验。推广(guang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)依法自治(zhi)(zhi)事(shi)(shi)项(xiang)、依法协(xie)助政府(fu)工作(zuo)事(shi)(shi)项(xiang)等清单制(zhi),规范村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)机构牌子(zi)(zi)和(he)(he)证明事(shi)(shi)项(xiang),推行(xing)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级基础信息统(tong)(tong)计“一张表”制(zhi)度(du),减(jian)轻村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)级组(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)负(fu)担(dan)。

(二(er)十(shi)七)创新(xin)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)精神文(wen)(wen)(wen)明建设有(you)(you)效平(ping)台载体(ti)。依(yi)托(tuo)新(xin)时代文(wen)(wen)(wen)明实践(jian)(jian)中心、县级融(rong)媒体(ti)中心等平(ping)台开展(zhan)(zhan)对象化(hua)(hua)分(fen)众化(hua)(hua)宣传教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu),弘扬和(he)践(jian)(jian)行社(she)会主义核心价(jia)值观。在乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)创新(xin)开展(zhan)(zhan)“听(ting)党话、感党恩、跟(gen)党走”宣传教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)活动(dong)。探索统筹推动(dong)城乡(xiang)精神文(wen)(wen)(wen)明融(rong)合发展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)具体(ti)方(fang)式,完善全国文(wen)(wen)(wen)明村(cun)(cun)镇(zhen)测评体(ti)系。启动(dong)实施(shi)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)产业赋能(neng)乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振兴计划(hua)。整合文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)惠民(min)活动(dong)资源,支(zhi)持农(nong)民(min)自(zi)发组织开展(zhan)(zhan)村(cun)(cun)歌、“村(cun)(cun)晚(wan)”、广场舞、趣(qu)味运动(dong)会等体(ti)现农(nong)耕农(nong)趣(qu)农(nong)味的(de)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)体(ti)育(yu)活动(dong)。办好(hao)中国农(nong)民(min)丰(feng)收节。加强(qiang)农(nong)耕文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)传承保护,推进非物质(zhi)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产和(he)重要农(nong)业文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗(yi)(yi)产保护利(li)用。推广积分(fen)制等治(zhi)(zhi)理方(fang)式,有(you)(you)效发挥村(cun)(cun)规民(min)约、家(jia)庭家(jia)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)家(jia)风作(zuo)用,推进农(nong)村(cun)(cun)婚俗(su)改革试(shi)点和(he)殡葬习俗(su)改革,开展(zhan)(zhan)高价(jia)彩(cai)礼、大(da)操大(da)办等移(yi)风易俗(su)重点领域突出问题专项(xiang)治(zhi)(zhi)理。

(二十八)切实维护农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)社会平安(an)稳定。推进(jin)(jin)更高水(shui)平的(de)平安(an)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)设。创建(jian)一批“枫桥(qiao)式(shi)公安(an)派出(chu)所”、“枫桥(qiao)式(shi)人(ren)(ren)民法(fa)庭”。常态化(hua)(hua)开(kai)展扫黑(hei)(hei)除恶斗争,持续(xu)打(da)击“村(cun)(cun)(cun)霸”。防(fang)(fang)(fang)范黑(hei)(hei)恶势力(li)(li)、家(jia)族宗族势力(li)(li)等对农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)层(ceng)政(zheng)权(quan)的(de)侵(qin)蚀和(he)影(ying)响。依法(fa)严厉(li)打(da)击农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)黄赌毒和(he)侵(qin)害农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)妇女儿童人(ren)(ren)身权(quan)利(li)的(de)违(wei)法(fa)犯(fan)罪行为(wei)。加强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)法(fa)治(zhi)(zhi)宣(xuan)传教育。加强(qiang)基(ji)层(ceng)社会心理(li)(li)(li)服(fu)务和(he)危机干预,构(gou)建(jian)一站式(shi)多(duo)元化(hua)(hua)矛盾纠(jiu)纷化(hua)(hua)解机制。加强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)宗教工作力(li)(li)量。统筹推进(jin)(jin)应急(ji)管理(li)(li)(li)与(yu)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)资源整(zheng)合,加快推进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)应急(ji)广播主(zhu)动发布终端建(jian)设,指导做好人(ren)(ren)员紧急(ji)转移避(bi)险(xian)工作。开(kai)展农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)交通、消(xiao)防(fang)(fang)(fang)、安(an)全(quan)生(sheng)产、自然灾(zai)害、食品(pin)药(yao)品(pin)安(an)全(quan)等领(ling)域风险(xian)隐患排查和(he)专项治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)(li),依法(fa)严厉(li)打(da)击农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)制售(shou)假冒伪劣农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)资、非法(fa)集资、电信诈骗等违(wei)法(fa)犯(fan)罪行为(wei)。加强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业综合行政(zheng)执法(fa)能力(li)(li)建(jian)设。落实基(ji)层(ceng)医疗卫生(sheng)机构(gou)疾病预防(fang)(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)(kong)制责(ze)任。健全(quan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)新冠肺(fei)炎疫情常态化(hua)(hua)防(fang)(fang)(fang)控(kong)(kong)(kong)工作体(ti)系,严格落实联防(fang)(fang)(fang)联控(kong)(kong)(kong)、群(qun)防(fang)(fang)(fang)群(qun)控(kong)(kong)(kong)措施(shi)。

七、加(jia)大政策保障(zhang)和体制机制创新力度

(二十九(jiu))扩大乡村(cun)振(zhen)兴投(tou)入(ru)。继续(xu)把(ba)农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村(cun)作(zuo)为(wei)一般公(gong)(gong)共(gong)预(yu)算优先保障领域,中央预(yu)算内(nei)投(tou)资进一步向(xiang)农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村(cun)倾斜,压实地(di)方政府(fu)投(tou)入(ru)责任(ren)。加强考核监督,稳步提高土地(di)出让收入(ru)用于农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村(cun)的(de)比例。支持(chi)地(di)方政府(fu)发行政府(fu)债券(quan)用于符合条件的(de)乡村(cun)振(zhen)兴公(gong)(gong)益(yi)性项目。提高乡村(cun)振(zhen)兴领域项目储(chu)备质量。强化预(yu)算绩效管理和(he)监督。

(三十)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)化乡(xiang)村(cun)振兴(xing)金(jin)融(rong)服务(wu)。对机构(gou)法人(ren)(ren)在县域(yu)、业(ye)(ye)务(wu)在县域(yu)、资金(jin)主要(yao)用(yong)于乡(xiang)村(cun)振兴(xing)的地方法人(ren)(ren)金(jin)融(rong)机构(gou),加(jia)大支农(nong)支小(xiao)再贷款、再贴现支持(chi)力度,实施更加(jia)优惠的存款准备(bei)金(jin)政策。支持(chi)各类金(jin)融(rong)机构(gou)探索农(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)村(cun)基(ji)础设施中(zhong)长(zhang)期(qi)信(xin)(xin)贷模(mo)式。加(jia)快农(nong)村(cun)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)社(she)改(gai)革,完善(shan)省(自治区)农(nong)村(cun)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)社(she)联合社(she)治理机制,稳妥化解(jie)风(feng)险(xian)。完善(shan)乡(xiang)村(cun)振兴(xing)金(jin)融(rong)服务(wu)统计制度,开展金(jin)融(rong)机构(gou)服务(wu)乡(xiang)村(cun)振兴(xing)考核评估(gu)。深入(ru)开展农(nong)村(cun)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)体系(xi)建设,发(fa)展农(nong)户(hu)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)贷款。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)村(cun)金(jin)融(rong)知识普及教育和金(jin)融(rong)消费(fei)权益保(bao)护。积极(ji)发(fa)展农(nong)业(ye)(ye)保(bao)险(xian)和再保(bao)险(xian)。优化完善(shan)“保(bao)险(xian)+期(qi)货”模(mo)式。强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)化涉(she)农(nong)信(xin)(xin)贷风(feng)险(xian)市场化分(fen)担和补偿,发(fa)挥(hui)好(hao)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)信(xin)(xin)贷担保(bao)作用(yong)。

(三十(shi)一)加强乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)人(ren)(ren)(ren)才队(dui)伍建设。发现(xian)和(he)(he)培(pei)养使用农(nong)业(ye)领域(yu)战略科(ke)学(xue)家。启动(dong)(dong)“神农(nong)英才”计(ji)划(hua),加快培(pei)养科(ke)技领军(jun)人(ren)(ren)(ren)才、青(qing)(qing)年科(ke)技人(ren)(ren)(ren)才和(he)(he)高水平创新团队(dui)。深(shen)入(ru)推行(xing)科(ke)技特派员制(zhi)度(du)。实(shi)施高素质农(nong)民培(pei)育(yu)计(ji)划(hua)、乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)产(chan)业(ye)振(zhen)兴(xing)带头人(ren)(ren)(ren)培(pei)育(yu)“头雁”项目、乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)青(qing)(qing)春建功行(xing)动(dong)(dong)、乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)巾帼行(xing)动(dong)(dong)。落实(shi)艰(jian)苦边远(yuan)地区基层事业(ye)单位公开招(zhao)聘倾斜政(zheng)策,对(dui)县(xian)以下基层专业(ye)技术人(ren)(ren)(ren)员开展职称评(ping)聘“定(ding)向评(ping)价(jia)、定(ding)向使用”工作,对(dui)中高级(ji)专业(ye)技术岗位实(shi)行(xing)总量控制(zhi)、比例单列。完善耕读教育(yu)体系。优(you)化学(xue)科(ke)专业(ye)结(jie)构,支持(chi)办好(hao)涉农(nong)高等学(xue)校和(he)(he)职业(ye)教育(yu)。培(pei)养乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)规划(hua)、设计(ji)、建设、管(guan)理专业(ye)人(ren)(ren)(ren)才和(he)(he)乡(xiang)土人(ren)(ren)(ren)才。鼓励地方出台城市(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)才下乡(xiang)服务乡(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)的(de)激励政(zheng)策。

(三十二)抓(zhua)好(hao)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)改革重点(dian)任务(wu)落(luo)实。开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)第二轮土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)承(cheng)包到期后再延长30年整(zheng)县试(shi)(shi)点(dian)。巩固提升农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)产权(quan)制度(du)改革成果(guo),探(tan)索建(jian)立农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)资产监督管理服务(wu)体(ti)系(xi),探(tan)索新型农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)经(jing)(jing)济(ji)发展(zhan)路径。稳慎推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)宅基(ji)地(di)(di)(di)制度(du)改革试(shi)(shi)点(dian),规范开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)房地(di)(di)(di)一体(ti)宅基(ji)地(di)(di)(di)确权(quan)登记。稳妥有(you)序推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)经(jing)(jing)营性(xing)建(jian)设(she)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)入市。推动开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)经(jing)(jing)营性(xing)建(jian)设(she)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)使(shi)用(yong)权(quan)抵押融资。依法依规有(you)序开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)全域(yu)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)综合(he)整(zheng)治试(shi)(shi)点(dian)。深化(hua)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)林权(quan)制度(du)改革。健全农(nong)(nong)垦国有(you)农(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)使(shi)用(yong)权(quan)管理制度(du)。开(kai)(kai)展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)产权(quan)流转(zhuan)交(jiao)易市场规范化(hua)建(jian)设(she)试(shi)(shi)点(dian)。制定(ding)新阶段(duan)深化(hua)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)改革实施方案。

八(ba)、坚持(chi)和(he)加(jia)强党对“三农(nong)”工作的全面领(ling)导(dao)

(三(san)(san)(san)十三(san)(san)(san))压实全面推(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任(ren)。制(zhi)定(ding)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任(ren)制(zhi)实施(shi)办(ban)法,明确中央和(he)(he)国家(jia)机(ji)关各部门推(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任(ren),强(qiang)(qiang)化五级(ji)书记抓(zhua)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任(ren)。开展(zhan)省(sheng)级(ji)党(dang)(dang)政领(ling)导(dao)(dao)班(ban)子(zi)和(he)(he)领(ling)导(dao)(dao)干(gan)部推(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略(lve)实绩考核(he)。完善市县党(dang)(dang)政领(ling)导(dao)(dao)班(ban)子(zi)和(he)(he)领(ling)导(dao)(dao)干(gan)部推(tui)进(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略(lve)实绩考核(he)制(zhi)度(du),鼓(gu)励地方(fang)对考核(he)排(pai)名靠前的市县给(ji)予适当激励,对考核(he)排(pai)名靠后、履职不(bu)力的进(jin)行约谈(tan)。落实各级(ji)党(dang)(dang)委和(he)(he)政府(fu)负(fu)责同(tong)志乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)联系点制(zhi)度(du)。借鉴推(tui)广浙江(jiang)“千万工程”经验,鼓(gu)励地方(fang)党(dang)(dang)委和(he)(he)政府(fu)开展(zhan)现(xian)场观(guan)摩、交流学习等务实管(guan)用活动。开展(zhan)《乡(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略(lve)规划(2018-2022年(nian))》实施(shi)总结(jie)评估。加强(qiang)(qiang)集(ji)中换届后各级(ji)党(dang)(dang)政领(ling)导(dao)(dao)干(gan)部特(te)别是分(fen)管(guan)“三(san)(san)(san)农(nong)”工作的领(ling)导(dao)(dao)干(gan)部培(pei)训。

(三十(shi)四)建(jian)强党(dang)(dang)的农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)机(ji)构(gou)。各级(ji)党(dang)(dang)委农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)领导小(xiao)组要发挥“三农(nong)”工作(zuo)(zuo)牵(qian)头抓(zhua)总、统筹协(xie)(xie)(xie)调等作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong),一体(ti)承担巩固拓展脱贫攻坚成(cheng)果、全(quan)面推(tui)(tui)进乡(xiang)村振(zhen)(zhen)兴议事协(xie)(xie)(xie)调职(zhi)责。推(tui)(tui)进各级(ji)党(dang)(dang)委农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)领导小(xiao)组议事协(xie)(xie)(xie)调规范(fan)化制度化建(jian)设,建(jian)立健全(quan)重点任(ren)务分工落实(shi)(shi)机(ji)制,协(xie)(xie)(xie)同推(tui)(tui)进乡(xiang)村振(zhen)(zhen)兴。加强各级(ji)党(dang)(dang)委农(nong)村工作(zuo)(zuo)领导小(xiao)组办公室建(jian)设,充实(shi)(shi)工作(zuo)(zuo)力量,完善(shan)运行(xing)机(ji)制,强化决(jue)策(ce)参谋、统筹协(xie)(xie)(xie)调、政策(ce)指导、推(tui)(tui)动(dong)落实(shi)(shi)、督导检查等职(zhi)责。

(三十五(wu))抓点带面推进乡村振兴全面展开。开展“百县(xian)千乡(xiang)万村(cun)”乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)示范(fan)(fan)创建,采取先创建后认(ren)定(ding)方式,分(fen)级(ji)创建一批乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)示范(fan)(fan)县(xian)、示范(fan)(fan)乡(xiang)镇、示范(fan)(fan)村(cun)。推(tui)进农业现(xian)代化示范(fan)(fan)区(qu)创建。广(guang)泛动(dong)员社会力量参与(yu)乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing),深(shen)入推(tui)进“万企(qi)兴(xing)(xing)万村(cun)”行(xing)动(dong)。按规定(ding)建立乡(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)表彰激励制度。

让我们紧密团(tuan)结在以习近平(ping)同志(zhi)为核心(xin)的党中央周(zhou)围,真(zhen)抓实干,埋(mai)头苦干,奋(fen)力(li)开创(chuang)全面推进乡村振兴新局(ju)面,以实际行动(dong)迎接党的二十大胜(sheng)利(li)召开!


文(wen)章来源:农(nong)民日报(bao)